Jeff on Call: Recruiting and Non-Competes


Q: Can I be held liable for recruiting an individual out of a company where there is a non-compete and placing them with a competitor? I know that it is the candidate who signed the non-compete, but can I get in trouble for my role as a recruiter?

A: Thanks for this dynamite question! I get it constantly, so am delighted we can post the answer for all to read.

The big defense (“cover”) is traditionally that since a recruiter is an independent contractor, the client is not liable for its acts. This is unlike the vicarious liability of an employer for the acts of its employees done “in the course and scope of their employment.”

The independent contractor status has been a good marketing tool for aggressive outsourced recruiting, since in-house recruiters are typically employees. Even “contract recruiters” on site are under the thumb of the employer.

However, employer lawyers ensnare recruiters by alleging a civil form of conspiracy. My definition of conspiracy is “two or more people doing something neither of them should do alone.” Conspiracy (and related “complicity” theories) if proven invoke unlimited punitive (to punish) and exemplary (to set an example) damages.

The underlying wrongful conduct that also invokes unlimited punitive and exemplary damages includes such theories as inducing breach of contract (the employment relationship with the candidate), interference with contractual relations (the current benefit of the candidate’s slave labor), and interference with prospective economic advantage (the loss of the future value of the candidate’s services).

If you’re doing retained search, it’s easier to make the case that you’re de facto (“in fact”) your client when you recruit. But even when you’re doing contingency-fee search, you should not get involved.

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Simply tell the candidate to contact an employment law specialist to analyze her rights and liabilities under the contract. Resist the temptation to give any advice whatsoever, and don’t even look at the contract. You’re asking for trouble if the source gets serious about enforcement.

We get involved in these situations a lot. But we don’t have recruiters in the consultation with the candidate, and we insulate them from liability in many ways.

Thanks again for asking. You helped a lot of people stay behind the line!


To participate in future Q&As, email Keep in mind you should always consult with your own attorney. Nothing contained herein should be construed as legal advice. It is for your information only.

More than thirty-five years ago, Jeffrey G. Allen, J.D., C.P.C. turned a decade of recruiting and human resources management into the legal specialty of placement law. Since 1975, Jeff has collected more placement fees, litigated more trade secrets cases, and assisted more placement practitioners than anyone else. From individuals to multinational corporations in every phase of staffing, his name is synonymous with competent legal representation. Jeff holds four certifications in placement and is the author of 24 popular books in the career field, including bestsellers How to Turn an Interview into a Job, The Complete Q&A Job Interview Book and the revolutionary Instant Interviews. As the world?s leading placement lawyer, Jeff?s experience includes: Thirty-five years of law practice specializing in representation of staffing businesses and practitioners; Author of ?The Allen Law?--the only placement information trade secrets law in the United States; Expert witness on employment and placement matters; Recruiter and staffing service office manager; Human resources manager for major employers; Certified Personnel Consultant, Certified Placement Counselor, Certified Employment Specialist and Certified Search Specialist designations; Cofounder of the national Certified Search Specialist program; Special Advisor to the American Employment Association; General Counsel to the California Association of Personnel Consultants (honorary lifetime membership conferred); Founder and Director of the National Placement Law Center; Recipient of the Staffing Industry Lifetime Achievement Award; Advisor to national, regional and state trade associations on legal, ethics and legislative matters; Author of The Placement Strategy Handbook, Placement Management, The National Placement Law Center Fee Collection Guide and The Best of Jeff Allen, published by Search Research Institute exclusively for the staffing industry; and Producer of the EMPLAW Audio Series on employment law matters. Email him at


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