November Surprise: 321k Jobs and Higher Pay

Econ Index Nov 2014Economists were expecting November’s job growth to be about average, right around 220,000. Instead, the U.S. Labor Department this morning said employers added 321,000 jobs last month, the most in almost three years.

To add to the robust report, the government adjusted upward its initial numbers for September and October by 44,000 jobs. Together with November, the U.S. economy has averaged 241,000 new jobs each month this year. In 2013 the average for the 11 months was 204,000 and in 2012 it was 184,000.

The unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.8 percent. A year ago the rate was 7 percent.

In another surprise, the Labor Department’s report said hourly wages increased by 9 cents, about twice the expectation. However, the year’s average wage increase of 2.1 percent is little changed since 2009, a special concern because slow wage growth limits spending and has the potential for slowing overall economic improvement.

Wednesday, the Federal Reserve released its periodic “Beige Book.” This compilation of informal economic conditions in each of the Fed’s 12 districts reported generally good conditions nationwide, including increases in hiring and planned hiring. Healthier consumer spending was also reported.

The Labor Department’s report said the average workweek on private, nonfarm payrolls rose 34.6 hours. Workers in manufacturing jobs, where 28,000 jobs were added, saw their workweek increase to 41.1 hours, with overtime averaging 3.5 hours.

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The workweek increases, coupled with other reports showing a tightening of labor supply in the months ahead, suggest employers may finally have to begin to raise wages more rapidly. That’s been happening for some time in the high-tech field and for specific types of other jobs.

Healthcare, one of the fastest growing sectors for several years, added 37,200 jobs in November. Most of those (24,300) were in ambulatory health care. The hospitality industry added 32,000 jobs. Bars and restaurants, typically low wage jobs, grew by 26,500.

Retailers increased their hiring by 50,200 workers, many of those jobs are likely to be seasonal. Clothing stores accounted for 11,300 of those jobs. However, in a sign of the strength of auto sales, dealers added 10,500 workers.

Temp services added 22,700 jobs.

John Zappe is the editor of TLNT.com and a contributing editor of ERE.net. John was a newspaper reporter and editor until his geek gene lead him to launch his first website in 1994. He developed and managed online newspaper employment sites and sold advertising services to recruiters and employers. Before joining ERE Media in 2006, John was a senior consultant and analyst with Advanced Interactive Media and previously was Vice President of Digital Media for the Los Angeles Newspaper Group.

Besides writing for ERE, John consults with staffing firms and employment agencies, providing content and managing their social media programs. He also works with organizations and businesses to assist with audience development and marketing. In his spare time  he can be found hiking in the California mountains or competing in canine agility and obedience competitions.

You can contact him here.

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1 Comment on “November Surprise: 321k Jobs and Higher Pay

  1. I’ll believe it when I see it. In my experience companies seem perfectly happy to decide on a wage rate, and even if it’s 50% or more below market, simply let it ride and never revise it upward to align with the market. So long as the costs of NOT hiring – costs of turnover and vacancies – don’t directly affect the incomes of managers, they will continue to act like it’s a buyer’s market, whether it actually is or not.

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